آموزش زبان انگلیسی ELT
A. Hashemi Mehr 
قالب وبلاگ

Do, To Do or Doing?

Choosing among do, to do and doing must feel like picking a number for the lottery ... it's just luck if you get it right! Not to worry, though, there are actually rules. Let's start with what you know: The Infinitive, which is to + verb.

 


Next, let's look at what -ing means. Is running a noun or a verb? Depending on the sentence, it can be either one. Sometimes it's a verb: He is running. Sometimes it's a noun: Running is fun or We are tired of running. The rule is that you use -ing after a preposition (before calling, upon landing, without thinking).

Where it gets tricky is when -ing is after the word to. To is usually a preposition, but because of the infinitive, there is a very strong association of to + do, so let's clarify when to + doing is correct.

I look forward to + meeting them.

 

Word Packets

The thing is, to do is a word packet, but to + doing is where two phrases meet:

After a preposition, you can swap in a regular noun or a pronoun: 

Notice that all of these prepositions are followed by -ing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The last section is where there is no preposition, but there is -ing.  

 

[ ٢۳ شهریور ۱۳۸٩ ] [ ٤:۱٩ ‎ب.ظ ] [ امیر هاشمی مهر ]
.: Weblog Themes By Iran Skin :.

درباره وبلاگ

مدرس و مترجم زبان انگلیسی خواهان پاسخ گویی به پرسش های شما و دریافت دیدگاه هایتان برای پیش برد هر چه بهتر اهداف آموزشی و فرهنگی
صفحات اختصاصی
RSS Feed